幸运飞艇哪个计划准

揭秘:卢沟桥事变中最顽固的一个反日军官是谁?
趣历史 2013-08-12 13:37:19

  卢沟桥事变:关于卢沟桥事变已有较多论述,但当时直接指挥中国军队抗击日军的到底是谁?学术界有多种说法,有说是二十九军军长宋哲元的,也有说是副军长佟麟阁的,还有讲二一九团团长吉星文、加强营营长金振中的等,真是众说纷纭,莫衷一是。为了真正搞清楚这一问题,本文作者通过资料的查找与甄别考证,认为时任二十九军三十七师师长的冯治安在卢沟桥事变中发挥了巨大作用。这一观点过去较少谈及,现将其理由整理如下,以飨读者。

  关于卢沟桥事变的很多论述都谈到,卢沟桥事变时,坚守卢沟桥的是二十九军官兵,但究竟是二十九军哪一部,并没有交代清楚。实际的情况是:卢沟桥事变前,二十九军辖4个步兵师、1个骑兵师、1个卫队旅,约10万人。为了加强对日军的防范,作了严密部署:三十八师(师长张自忠,兼任天津市长)在天津廊坊至塘沽一线布防,三十七师(师长冯治安,兼任河北省代主席、北平警备司令),在北平南苑至保定布防,一三二师(师长赵登禹)在河间至大名布防,一四三师(师长刘汝明,兼任察哈尔省主席)在察省全境布防。这里还需要说明的是,当时作为二十九军副军长的佟麟阁,主要负责南苑军训团。由此可知,冀察两省、平津两市均属二十九军势力范围,而冯治安的三十七师则驻北平地区,拱卫古都安全。

  yincishuolugouqiaoshibianshi,jianshoulugouqiaodeshiershijiujunguanbing,congdadefangmianjiangyemeiyoucuo,danbugouqueqie。

  congzhongguojunduibinglidebushuqingkuangkan,fengzhiandesanshiqishizhushoubeiping。zhenzhengzhushoulugouqiaodeshisanshiqishiyiyiqilv(lvzhanghejifeng)eryijiutuan(zhufangzhangxindian,wanpingchengneizhushoudeshieryijiutuandisanying,yingzhangjinzhenzhong)。youyudangshirijunchangdaolugouqiaodong、beiquyuyiyanlianweimingjinxingtiaoxin,lugouqiaoshibiandeqianyitian,fengzhianhaicengdaotafuzedexiaqulugouqiaoshicha,tazaitingqujixingwentuanzhangguanyurijunpinfanhuodongdedongxianghuibaohouzhishi:“youshenmeqingkuangjishixiangwobaogao”。7yue7ri,fengzhianyouzaibeipingzhaojihejifengyujixingwendengbuzhiyingbiancuoshi,tazhichu:“rengbenrenbufanwo,wobufanrendeyuanze,bumaorankaihuo,danruodirentiaoxin,jiujianjuehaiji。”

  xiawu,rijunkaizhilugouqiaoxibeidelongwangmiao,qiangzhugongshi,bangwanxiangdongyidong,erhou,rijunchengzoushileyimingshibing,yaoqiujinruwanpingchengxunzhao,woshouchengguanbingkandaotamenshizaixunzhaojiekou,duanranjujue。fengzhianwenbaohouguoduanxialing:“wubigushou,buzhunrijunyibingyizujinru,buxufangqiyichiyicunguotu,biruokaiqiang,dingyuyiyingtoutongji。”zaiciqijian,ershijiujunfujunzhangqindechunyexiangrijunkangyi,duchazhuanyuanjianwanpingxianzhangwanglengzhaiyechumianbochilerijundexunxinxingwei。

  8日凌晨,蓄谋已久的日军迫不及待地炮轰宛平城,同时开始向卢沟桥北侧的平汉铁路桥进攻,战斗正式打响。秦德纯、冯治安、张自忠当即联名向南京报告并表示决心抵抗。同时,冯治安直接向部下下达死命令:“应与桥共存亡,不得后退。守土是军人的天职,寸土不让,不怕牺牲,卢沟桥就是尔等的坟墓!”

  rijunliyongshixianqiangxiudegongshi,shouxianxijidasilewoshoutieluqiaodeshenzhongmingpaizhang,zheijiqilewoshouqiaoguanbingdewubifennu,tamenbuguliliangdexuanshu,fenlichongrudizhenyudiroubo,kansidirenbaiyu,woliangpaishouqiaoguanbingyequanbuzhuangliexisheng,tieluqiaoshishou。8riye,jinzhenzhongyingzhangchenzheyesedeyanhu,lvbaiyuminggansiduiyuancongwanpingzhuichengmoxiangtieluqiao,huidaosharudiying,shoufuletieluqiao。jinzhenzhongfushangzaibaodingzhuyuanliaoshangqijian,dedaoguogongliangdangjiquanguorenmindereqingweiwen。jinzhenzhongzaizhengduotieluqiaodejubuzhandouzhongzuoweizhihuiguan,bingchengweiyingxiong,yeshihaowuyiwende。

  人们不禁会问,当时作为二十九军主帅的宋哲元军长在何处?这里需要略作交代:卢沟桥事变前,因日本阴谋制造“华北独立”,使华北成为“满洲国”第二,几经谋划,成立了“冀察政务委员会”这一政治“组织”,宋哲元任委员长,日本人担任最高顾问。这实际上是个临时的地方性机构,但管辖着平、津、冀、察的军、政、财大权,因蒋介石的南京政府不愿与日军发生直接的冲突,是被迫吞下这枚苦果的。

  songzheyuanyeshibeipojieshouzheiyizhiwude,congzhuguanshangjiangtahaishiyuanyikangride,suoyidangtayimianyaojieshouzhongyangzhengfudelingdao,youyaojieshouribende“guwen”shi,xinlihenbushufu。suoyi,tazaizheiyiduanzandeshiqinei,liyongxionghoudecaili,kuochongzijideshili,jiangershijiujunkuochongdao10wanren,zhuangbeiyelvyougengxin,yidaishiji,zaimoudaji。dangshiribenjiajinduihuajingjiqinlve,jisongzheyuanshijiaxuduoyali。songzheyuanjiekou“huixiangxiuzufen”,yu5yue11ri,likaibeipinghuidaoshandonglelinglaojia。linxingqiantajiangjunshijiaojifengzhian,waijiaojiaojiqindechun。

  作为二十九军军长的宋哲元,有着绝对的权威,可以说一言九鼎,凡军中大事,当然是他说了算。他离开北平时,把军权交给冯治安,说明他对冯是任和放心的。他把冯治安的三十七师安排在北平驻扎,充当“御林军”的角色,也绝不是随意的。他即使在平时有什么重大决策时,因刘汝明、赵登禹带兵在外,张自忠也因在天津独当一面,他多是征求秦德纯、冯治安的意见。

  关于宋哲元对冯治安的充分器重,可在刘汝明去台后所著的《刘汝明回忆录》中有关《卢沟桥抗战与二十九军》一节的文字得到证实,文章中写道:“二十九军的副军长虽自绍文(秦德纯)任北平市长以后就换了佟捷三(麟阁),可是军长的公事,多由仰之(冯治安)代看,所以仰之等于代理着军长。”

  jinjingwufushiribenpaiqianjunzongbuzuizhongyaodegaojiguwen,tacanyucehualelugouqiaoshibiandengyixiliedezhongdaqinhuayinmouhuodong,tazaizhanhouchubande《jinjingwufuhuiyilu》zhongyechengfengzhian“shijichadiershijiujuntouhaoshiquanzhe”。tashuo:“dangshidejichazhengwuweiyuanzhangsongzheyuanjiangzijijianrendehebeishengzhuxidediweirangjifengzhian,fenglvlinghaochengershijiujunjingruibuduidedisanshiqishi,zairibenshiliboruodebaoding,mimoucehua,zaibeibiangouzhuqiyilianchuanmianxiangbeifangdediaobao,zhushizherimanhehuabeidezhengzhi、jingjidongxiang。suoyidangshiyourenrenwei:kangridecehuazhongxinyuqishuoshizaibeiping、tianjin,burushuozaibaoding。”zuihou,tazongjieshuo:fengzhian“zongshibeiribenshiweizuikepaderenwu”。

  lingwai,ribendezhuhuatewujiguan,cengjiangershijiujunjijichazhengquandeshoulingmenzuolefenleipaidui,you“qinripai”、“zhiripai”he“kangripai”sanlei。fengzhianbudanbeihuawei“kangripai”,haidandujiadai“wangukangripai”demaozi。songzheyuandezanshiliqu,shifengzhianyongyouleduisanshiqishidejueduizhihuiquan。tazhengshidaizhe“wangukangripai”demaozi,zhihuilelugouqiaokangzhande。suoyi,zaiyanandezhonggongzhongyang,youmaozedongqinnidereqingyangyidetongdianzhong,caigaodu“zanyangyuyonghufengzhianbudeyingyongkangzhan。”zheishibuzhengdeshishi。

  1937nian7yue8ri,jilugouqiaoshibianbaofadediertian,zhonggongzhongyangweirijunjingonglugouqiaotongdian。gaidiankaitouyue:“benyueqiriyeshishi,rijunzailugouqiao,xiangzhongguozhujunfengzhianbuduijingong,yaoqiufengbutuizhizhangxindian,yinfengbubuyun,fashengchongtu,xianshuangfangshangzaiduizhanzhong”。tongdianzhonghaishuo:“womenyinggaizanyangyuyonghufengzhianbudeyingyongkangzhan!”

mianzeshengming:yishangneirongyuanziwangluo,banquanguiyuanzuozhesuoyou,ruyouqinfannindeyuanchuangbanquanqinggaozhi,womenjiangjinkuaishanchuxiangguanneirong。

推荐中…

24小时热文

换一换

最新更新

  • 人物
  • 解密
  • 战史
  • 野史
  • 文史
  • 文化

最新排行

  • 点击排行
  • 图库排行
  • 专题排行

图说世界

换一换
pk10微信群或者飞艇群 天天幸运飞艇计划软件 免费幸运飞艇计划手机 全天幸运飞艇精准计划 助赢幸运飞艇软件 北京pk10幸运飞艇直播 幸运飞艇技巧杀号定胆 幸运飞艇5 北京幸运飞艇开奖直播 幸运飞艇 开奖b678甸vip 幸运飞艇【上恒达集团~HD161。COM~平台】 幸运飞艇【上恒达集团~HD161。COM~平台】 幸运飞艇【上恒达集团~HD161。COM~平台】 澳门百家乐【上恒达集团~HD161。COM~平台】 澳门百家乐【上恒达集团~HD161。COM~平台】 澳门百家乐【上恒达集团~HD161。COM~平台】 六合彩公司【上恒达集团~HD161。COM~平台】