幸运飞艇哪个计划准

辽沈战役神秘的内蒙古骑兵师:阻击廖耀湘兵团
趣历史 2014-09-25 11:40:40 廖耀湘 戴安澜

  东北三年解放战争中,在内蒙古东部地区活跃着一支以蒙古族为主,包括达斡尔、鄂温克、鄂伦春、回、满、汉各族士兵组成的内蒙古骑兵部队。这支骑兵部队于战火中诞生,在战斗中成长,先后参加了解放军同国民党军争夺东北的一系列战役、战斗。特别是内蒙古骑兵第一师(师长王海山、政委胡昭衡)、第二师(师长白音布鲁格、政委胡秉权),在辽沉战役中与东北野战军主力紧密配合,经受了严峻的考验和锻炼,为东北的解放作出了历史性贡献,写下了光辉的篇章。

  骑兵第一师奉命阻击驰援锦州的廖耀湘兵团

  经过解放军夏、秋、冬季攻势后,东北战场敌军据守于长春、沉阳、锦州三个孤立地区,处于欲守无力、欲走难舍、犹豫观望、矛盾重重的状态。按照中央军委、毛泽东的决策,东北人民解放军抓住决战时机,首先在东北战场上与国民党军队进行决战,发起了辽沉战役这场大歼灭战。在这一大战役发起前,内蒙古骑兵师为保障东北野战军主力进行休整,奉命对沉阳外围新民之敌实行封锁、围困。

  1948nian3yuezhongxun,qibingdiershitingjindaotieling、faku、zhangwuyidai,duichenyangzhidijinxingjianshi,suihoucanyuweikunxinmin、fengsuochenyang,fangzhidijuntuxi,dajidirendesaoraoheqiangliang。8yue8ri,qibingdiershi(zanquediershisituan)fengmingchehuineimengguyouqianqigegenmiaozhengxun,jiangfengsuochenyang、xinminshoudiderenwuyijiaojiqibingdiyishi。diyishifengmingjinzhifaku、zhangwu、xinminyidai,peiheliaobeijunqubudui,duigaidiquzhidijixujinxingjianshi、fengsuo、weikun,weidongbeiyezhanjunzhulibuduizhanyiqiandexiuzheng、xunlian,jijinxingzhanlvejuezhandezhunbeigongzuoheshixingyinbidizhanlvezhankai,qidaoleqianwei、jingjiezuoyong。

  9yue,genjudongbeiyezhanjunsilingbumingling,qibingdiershi(baokuodiyishidisantuan)zhixingweikunzhangchun、dujizhangchuntuweizhididerenwu;diyishi(quedisantuan)jieshoudishizongduizhihui,zailiaoxideheishan、dahushanyidai,zujiyouchenyang、xinminxijinyuanjinzhiliaoyaoxiangbingtuan。

  liaochenzhanyiyu1948nian9yue12rifaqi。9yue24ri,qibingdiyishifengminglianyemaoyuchufa,duliuhexijin150yuli,daodalijiachezhanfujin,dujiqituxicuanzhixinmindijun。jianshishuri,weifaxianzhuxinminzhidiqishiyijunqingkuangyouzhongdabianhua。9yue30ri,diyishiyouzhuanhuiraoyanghe、daliuhezhijiandiqu,yibaimachangweizhongxin,jijizhudongdijinxingguangkuozongshensousuo。

  10yue5ri,shizonggenjudongbeiyesimingling,jiangqibingdiyishidezujirenwugaizaibanlamenyinandiqu,yanraoyanghelianganjinxingyundongfangyu,zujidijunduhe。10yue12ri,diliaoyaoxiangbingtuanzhulijinzhizhangwu、xinlitunyidai,danzaidongbeiyezhanjunjiejiezujixia,jinzhanhuanman。cishi,jiefangjungongjinzhuliyisuqingjinzhouwaiweizhidi。

  10yue13ri,shizonggenjudiqingbianhua,diaozhengbinglibushu,minglingqibingdiyishidaobanlamenjietishizongdisanshishifangdi,baozhangzhuliceyianquan。diyishizaifuxisunjiahuangjiaojietuzhong,zaodijisaoshe、hongzha,renmalveyoushangwang。dangdiyishidaodashi,diqibingyibuyichengxiqinruwobajiazi、chejiatun、dongwangjiagangzidengzhendi。diyishidangjizuzhibuduifanji,jiangdizhuchu。ciri,diyishifengmingjiangbanlamenzhendijiaojiliaonandulidiershi,zhuanyidaoraoyanghechezhannansanjiazi、mintun、sijiaziyixianzhendi,mianduidiqibingdisanlvhedierlvjinxingfangyu。

  10月15日,东北野战军攻克锦州。捷报传来,极大地鼓舞了骑兵部队全体指战员的胜利心。当日,骑兵第一师接东北野司命令,迅速向台安前进,截击由锦州逃向台安之敌东北“剿总”副总司令兼锦州指挥所主任范汉杰等残敌。第一师当即组织部队行动,马不停蹄,彻夜疾进,于次日拂晓到达台安,并派出一部向盘山、沟帮子方向进行搜索。随之又接东北野司电告,范汉杰已被捕获,要第一师部队速返半拉门、西大李岗子一带执行原任务。

  zhengdangdiyishijinjuntaianzhiji,diqibingdisanlvchengjiqinrubanlamenyidaisousuosaorao。17riwan,diyishijingyitianjixingjunzhefanbanlamen、xidaligangzi,bingchuqibuyibuhuodiqibingzhencharenyuanshuming。18ri,diyishicengshuciyudixiaofenduijiaozhan,zuizhideyitideshiguojiawopuzhandou。zheicizhandouchongfenfahuileqibingjidonglinghuodeweili,banxiaoshizuoyoujibidiqibingdiwutuantuanzhangdaiyunfengyixia20yuren,fudifutuanzhangliufalinyixia30yuren,qudeleyishaoshengduodezhanguo,shoudaoliaobeijunqusilingyuannieheting、zhengweitaozhudetongbaojiajiang。

  骑兵第二师奉命参与围困长春,歼灭突围之敌

  cong1948nian9yue6rikaishi,qibingdiershiconggegenmiaoluxuchenghuochexiangzhangchunqianxianchufa。buduixianhouzaibaokangzhiwohutunjiandezhidingchezhanxiache,houzhuanweichengmaxingjun。quanshiyituanweidanweifenchengjigezongduixiangzhangchunjijin。9yue10ri,getuanheshibuxianhoudaodazhangchunxibeiyue40hualideheilinzhendiqu。diershixiangzhangchunqianxianzhihuisuobaodaohou,qianzhijiefangcanmouzhanglijidaoshibuzhudishichabudui,tingquhuibao,mingquezuozhanrenwu,bingshenchatongyilediershidezuozhanfanganhebinglibushu:quanshiweizhangchunqianzhijidongbudui,yiheilinzhenweizhongxin,zhanlingjishezhendi,yijianjuedezujizhan,xiaomiekenengtuweizhidi,chizhidirenxingdong。huoyishishidejidong,linghuoyunyongceji、zhuijidengzhanshushouduan,peihezhulibingtuan,quanjiantuweizhidi。

  weigenghaodiwanchengshangshuzuozhanrenwu,diershilingdaozaiyaoqiubuduizhuajinshijiangouzhugongshi、yanzhenyidaidetongshi,qiangdiaozuohaoyixialiangxianggongzuo:yishiyaozhunquezhangwodiqingbianhuahebaozhangtongxinlianluo;ershizhuahaozhanqianjunshixunlian,xianqilianbingrechao。

  weici,diershixiangzhangchunqianzhipaichudelidelianluocanmou,suishizhangwodiqingbianhuahejishishoulingrenwu,chuandamingling、zhishi,yibaozhengzhunqueshishidizhixingshangjimingling,shunliwanchengzuozhanrenwu。lingwai,getuanliyongzhanqiandekongxishijian,anshisilingbudetongyijihua,dalikaizhanyichengmazhanweizhongxindedalianbinghuodong。getuanzaiheilinzhendiqudelianbinghuodong,bujinhongdongledangdigecuntundejumin,shoudaotamendechengzan,erqiehenkuailiuchuandaozhangchunchengneideguomindangshoujunzhong。youdechuanshuo:"heilinzhenyou5wanneimengguqibing。"zheizhongchuanyanyuechuanyueguang,yinqidirenzhenjing,congershidizaijingshenshangxianshoudaoledaji。diershizaiheilinzhendiqujiaqiangzhanbeidaimingqijian,zhangchunshoudisuiyoushucishitanxingtuweixingdong,dandouzaodaowoweichengbuduidejianmiexingdaji,budebuguisuohuicheng。

  10月10日,守敌又组织一部主力出动,在其空军配合下,实施孤注一掷的突围作战。是日凌晨2时,敌先头部队开始从长春西门向我围城部队发起进攻,妄图突破阵地后沿铁路干线逃向沉阳。战斗进行得很激烈。特别在黎明以后,敌人开始陆、空配合作战,反复向我围城部队防御阵地勐扑。战至中午,长春前指电令第二师,全力迅速向范家屯、盛家屯一带机动,准备待机出击,配合主力兵团追歼突围之敌。第二师立即出动,开赴指定地区待命。下午,传来了长春守敌突围行动被粉碎,我方正展开强大的政治攻势,逼敌缴械投降的消息。17日,长春东区守军国民党第六十军军长曾泽生率部起义。19日,国民党新编第七军官兵投诚。随后,国民党东北"剿总"副总司令兼第一兵团司令官郑洞国率兵团直属部队放下武器,向解放军投诚。至此,长春宣告解放。

  在黑山、大虎山阻击战中,骑兵第一师经历了胡家窝棚、清水泡子两次激战

  锦州守敌被我全歼后,蒋介石错误估计形势,仍命廖耀湘"西进兵团"继续向锦州攻击前进,企图与锦西北援之敌南北夹击,重占锦州,打开向关内撤退的通道。

  zhongyangjunweihemaozedongzhengquezuochujuece,bushuleguimojudadeliaoxiweijianzhan。dongbeiyezhanjunzongbujuciminglingdishizongduidengbujianjuezujiliaoyaoxiangbingtuanyuheishan、dahushanyibeidiqu,weizhulizijinzhoudiqubeiyizhengqushijian。

  10yue17ri16shi,liaoyaoxiangbingtuanzhuliqinzhanxinlitun,bingjixuxiangheishanfangxiangsousuoqianjin。weilejianjuetuozhudijun,liqiuzaiyundongzhongjianmieliaoyaoxiangbingtuan,dongbeiyesimingling:dijinzeyinqiqianjin,ditingzeyanmijianshizhi。cishi,guidishizongduizhihuideneimengguqibingdiyishi,chusantuanzaizhangchunwaiweizhixingweikunrenwushangweiguiwai,yituan、ertuanheshizhishulianduiquanbutouruzujiliaoyaoxiangbingtuandezuozhanxingdong。

  zaizheicidanrenzuji、baozhangzhuzhendiqianyananquanderenwuzhong,yishizhuyaojinglileliangcijizhan--hujiawopengzhandouheqingshuipaozizhandou。

  胡家窝棚阵地,是我防守黑山主阵地之突出部,位于辽西交通要道口,是敌人进攻我黑山、大虎山一线阵地的必经之地,地理位置非常重要。第一师二团于21日夜进抵胡家窝棚,当即修筑工事。21日下午,发现敌骑兵200余人,正由孙家窝棚以战斗队形向我方阵地前进。待敌接近后,一团一面突然向敌展开勐烈射击,一面进行乘马冲锋,勐砍勐冲。追至天黑,共毙、伤、俘敌100余人,予敌以重大打击。战后,敌俘供称:"我们就怕内蒙古骑兵的大刀和砍杀。"这一战斗我无一伤亡,战果突出,大大增强了指战员的胜利信心,受到内蒙古军区的通令嘉奖。

  10yue23richen3shixu,heishanzujizhandexumu--hujiawopengzujizhanzhengshidaxiang。dier○qishisanlvzaizhongpaohefeijiyanhuxia,xiangneimengguqibingdiyishiertuanhujiawopengfangyuzhendifaqimengliejingong。qibingbuduizhizhanyuanyituojiandangongshi,yongmengguogan,wanqiangkangji,yimijiqiangdanheshouliudandatuiledirendeduocichongfeng,zhizhijinxingbairengedou。yituantuanzhangpinganfushangrengjianchizhihui,erlianlianzhangbuhejiyazhongshangbuxiahuoxian,dailingquanlianjianshouzhendi,zhizhishengmingdezuihouyike。jiuzheiyang,ertuanzhizhanyuanjianshouzhendi,wanqiangpinbo7gexiaoshiyishang,wanchengleshangjijiaojidezujirenwuhou,yuzhongwufengmingchechuzhendi,zhuanyidaodahushanyidaijixubufang。

  10yue24rishangwu9shi,direnzaimijipaohuohe10yujiafeijizhiyuanxia,yi4geshizuoyoudebinglixiangwoheishan、dahushanshizongzhendiquanxianfaqijingong。dijingruibuduixinliujundiershiershixiangwoceyiqingshuipaoziheyangquanzifangxiangtuijin。

  为打击敌人的进攻气焰,骑兵第一师领导当机立断,命令二团三连对敌左侧腹地实施迅勐异常的乘马冲锋,迫使敌新六军第二十二师在我阵地前龟缩约一昼夜,未能前进一步。这一昼夜为我主力部队赢得了宝贵的时间。事后得知,敌惊惶失措,草木皆兵,强制老百姓砍伐树木,摘下门板,推出大车,在其阵地前设置障碍,以此防我骑兵部队再次乘马冲锋。

  dangye,wozhulibazongzijinzhougandaodahushanyixian。gaizongershiershijietileqibingdiyishizhendi。25rixiawu,fengshizongmingling,qibingdiyishizhuanyidaodahushanxibeigaoliban、sanjiaziyidaidaiming,bingbuchongwuqidanyao,husongshangyuan,zhunbeizhixingzhuijiandirendexinrenwu。

  内蒙古骑兵部队为东北全境的解放作出了应有的贡献

  在黑山、大虎山阻击敌人的同时,攻克锦州的我主力部队第一、二、七、八、九纵队昼夜兼程东进。敌廖耀湘兵团因正面攻击失败,又发现我主力由两侧逼近,遂于25日开始向营口方向撤退,但遭我独立二师和八纵的阻击,于是又掉头向沉阳突围。但此时我各路主力已纷纷赶到,廖耀湘兵团已完全陷入重围。经10月26日、27日两天激战,至28日晨,廖耀湘兵团已被全歼,廖及其以下军、师高级军官大部被生俘。

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  qibingdiershizaizhangchunjiefangzhihou,fengdongbeiyezhanjunzongbujiling,xiangtielingyibeidiqukaijin,zujiediqibinglvxiangbeitaocuan,lizhengjiangdiqibingjianmiezailiaoheyibeidiqu。diershilingdaolijixiangbuduichuandarenwuhezuozhanyitu,xunsuxiangtielingyibeidiqusousuoqianjin。getuanzaisoujiaoxingdongzhong,chuqibingdiershiertuanyexingjunlujingajibaozi(tielingxibei、kaojinliaohebeian)shi,faxianyoutielingbeicuandediwushisanjunyiyiliushideyunshuyingbingyijuquanjiangaidiwai,weifaxiandiqibing。weifangzhidiqibinglvlouwangtaocuan,diershijuedingzailiaoheyinandiqujixuzuzhisoubu、soujiaohuodong。weici,congtielingyixiduguoliaohe,jiangsuoshu4geqibingtuanchengyixianzhankai,qitoubingjin,jinxingsoujiao,danyiranweifaxiandiqibinglv。zuihouheshi,diqibinglvzaoyixiangliaoxidiquliucuan。diershixiangdongbeiyezhanjunzongbuzuolebaogao。dongzongminglingershixunsuxiangchenyangjijin,canjiajiefangchenyangdezhandou。

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